BRITISH ENFIELD

pattern1853rifle med hr


  • COUNTRY OF ORIGIN : GREAT BRITAIN
  • YEARS OF SERVICE: 1853-1889
  • YEARS OF SERVICE DURING THE WAR BETWEEN THE STATES: 1861-1865
  • WEIGHT: 9.5 POUNDS
  • CARTRIDGE: .577 BALL
  • CALIBRE: .58 INCHES
  • ACTION: PERCUSION CAP/SINGLE ROUND
  • RATE OF FIRE: 3 SHOTS PER MINUTE
  • MAXIMUM RANGE: 1,250 YARDS


The Enfield 1853 rifle-musket was also used by both the North and the South in the American Civil War and was the second most widely used infantry weapon in the war, surpassed only by the US produce Springfield Model 1861 Rifled Musket. The Confederates imported more Enfields during the course of the war than any other small arm, buying from private contractors and gun runners. It has been estimated that over 900,000 P53 Enfields were imported to America and saw service in every major engagement from the Battle of Shiloh (April, 18th 1862) to the final battles of 1865. The gun was highly sought after in the Confederate ranks especially the men from 2nd Maryland Infantry.  It was recorded 2nd Marylanders prized their enfields not only for their accuracy but for the “bluing” of the metal parts.  The bluing is the dark colorization of the barrel and metal parts that helped to prevent rust thus making the rifle easy to maintain on campaign.